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Funkfrequenzen

Durch die Neuordnung der Funkfrequenzen sind der Veranstaltungsindustrie und somit den Kommunen Kosten in Milliardenhöhe entstanden.

Die aktuellen Entwicklungen in Deutschland, Österreich und der Schweiz können unter www.apwpt.org abgerufen werden.

31.05.2016 – Am Dienstag, den 31. Mai 2016 soll insbesondere in den Ballungsräumen (Stadtregionen) das neue terrestrische Fernsehen DVB-T2 starten. Dazu werden im Bereich 470 bis 694 MHz bisher freie Fernsehkanäle genutzt. Diese Kanäle stehen für drahtlose Produktionsmittel dann nicht mehr zur Verfügung. Bereits vorab ist mit Störungen zu rechnen, wenn die neuen DVB-T2-Sender eingemessen werden.

18.09.2015 – Bund und Länder haben gemeinsam entschieden, dass in 2015 Frequenzen aus dem Frequenzbereich 694 bis 790 MHz (sogenannte Digitale Dividende II) an den Mobilfunk vergeben und dann ab 2017 regional sowie möglichst ab Mitte 2018 bundesweit für mobiles Breitband genutzt werden sollen.

10.05.2015 - Am 29. Januar 2015 wurde das Zulassungsverfahren für die Versteigerung der Frequenzen im Bereich 700 MHz eröffnet, die am 27. Mai 2015 stattfinden soll. Eine neue Mittenlücke (733 bis 758 MHz) sowie die Bereiche 470 bis 608 MHz und 614 bis 703 MHz sind weiterhin für professionelle Anwender langfristig nutzbar. Die bisherige Mittenlücke 823 bis 832 MHz, das ISM-Band und der 1,8 GHz-Bereich bleiben für die Nutzung semiprofessioneller Anwender unverändert. Mit dem Qualitätsversprechen „DD ready“ informiert Sennheiser unter www.sennheiser.de/ddready über aktuelle Veränderungen im Rahmen der Digitalen Dividende 2 sowie über neue digitale Produkte für 1,9 GHz und 2,4 GHz.

27.10.2014 - According to research conducted by APWPT there is obviously no agreement on the distribution of the 700 MHz frequency range for early next year. The Federal States approached BMVi requesting a concept for financing the broad band conversion, as well as information on the funding. Apparently, this has not been done, and negotiations came to a stop. The matter will be further discussed by the working groups. Should the meeting between Germany’s Chancellor and the Secretaries of State, which is scheduled for December 21, 2014, not reach a decision, chances are that BNetzA will have their own consultation process, according to APWPT. www.apwt.org

27.10.2014 - Berlin started DVB-T2 testing in early October, to ensure long-term preparation and evaluation of a new TV broadcasting procedure. DVB-T2 testing with a high broad-casting volume is in effect on TV Channel 42, 638 – 642 MHz, at the Alexanderplatz and Schaeferberg stations. This TV signal is quite likely being received throughout the entire city and vicinity of Berlin.
Important advice for all PMSE users (such as wireless microphones and associated applications for audio): Please double-check whether you are using this frequency range. If so, please change to an alternative range immediately, as DVB-T2 and PMSE cannot be used at the same time.
www.apwpt.org

On September 01, 2014, the European Commission published the final report of expert Pascal Lamy. The report includes recommendations for the future use of UHF-Television frequency range 694 – 794 MHz. The full frequency range is currently used across Europe for broadcasting and professional wireless production of contents and events. By 2020 this frequency range is supposed to be fully cleared and used for mobile broadband exclusively. EU Commissioner Neelie Kroes said that alternative frequency ranges for wireless production (i.e. microphones and ear monitoring) will be provided and synchronized across Europe. However, these replacements are not sufficient in quantity and quality. Therefore, it remains uncertain where previous users should broadcast. With its recommendations the EU Commission risks severe damage to culture – and creative industries, as well as to cultural institutions funded by the public, as all of those cannot work without microphones and wireless production technology. In addition, this will also have an effect on the freedom of the press: Due to the drastic cut down of the frequency range, camera and broadcasting teams will not be able to report live from sport, political, social, or cultural events.

09.12.2013 - Die Wellen schlugen hoch als ein neues Smartphone präsentiert wurde, das laut allgemeiner Darstellung „bei 1800 MHz funkt“ – in einem Bereich also, der bei oberflächlicher Betrachtung auch von Sennheiser 1G8-Drahtlossystemen beansprucht wird. Sind hier Konflikte zu erwarten, und wird auf der Beschallungsanlage im Worst Case statt des Sängers ein Störsignal zu vernehmen sein? Um die Antwort gleich vorwegzunehmen: Etwaige Bedenken sind absolut unbegründet, denn zum Uplink und Downlink der Mobilfunk-Anwendungen bestehen fünf Megahertz Sicherheitsabstand, so dass keine Störungen zu erwarten sind. Allerdings lohnt sich eine genauere Betrachtung des aktuellen Frequenzspektrums für die kostenlose und anmeldefreie Nutzung von Funkmikrofonen.

  • Drahtlose Mikrofone und weitere Produktionstechnik sollen erneut
    wichtige Frequenzen ohne Ersatz verlieren
  • Rundfunkproduktion, journalistische Live-Berichterstattung,
    Kultur- und Kreativwirtschaft sowie freischaffende und
    länderfinanzierte Kulturbetriebe sind massiv gefährdet
  • Konsultationsentwurf der Bundesnetzagentur ignoriert zahlreiche Bundesratsbeschlüsse und Belange der Anwender drahtloser Produktionsmittel
  • Falschannahmen im Entwurf zeigen Kompetenzdefizite der Behördenleitung
  Rundfunkproduktionen, Events in Kunst, Kultur und dem Kreativbereich sowie eine vielfältige Liveberichterstattung der Presse z.B. bei Wahlen oder sportlichen Großereignissen haben eines gemeinsam: Sie sind auf funktionierende drahtlose Produktionsmittel und freie Frequenzen grundlegend angewiesen. Mit einem aktuell vorgelegten Konsultationsentwurf gefährdet die Bundesnetzagentur die Zukunft der Technik und ihrer Anwendungsfelder. Vorgesehen ist eine Versteigerung unter anderem der Frequenzen 694-790 MHz an den Mobilfunk.  Das Dokument stammt aus der Präsidentenkammer, ist bereits vom Beirat verabschiedet und befindet sich in Umsetzung. Die Kultur- und Kreativbranche, einer der bedeutendsten Wirtschaftszweige in Deutschland, ist damit massiv bedroht. Weiter sind tragende Grundprinzipien unserer Gesellschaft in Frage gestellt, namentlich die Meinungs- und Pressefreiheit sowie kulturelle Vielfalt und Teilhabe. Zahlreiche Beschlüsse des Bundesrates gegen eine solche „Digitale Dividende 2“ werden ignoriert. Ebenso bleiben mehrfach vorgetragene, wesentliche Sachargumente der Nutzer und Hersteller drahtloser Produktionsmittel unberücksichtigt. Signifikante Falschannahmen lassen zudem auf gefährliche Kompetenzdefizite in der Leitungsebene der Behörde schließen.

Präsentation APWPT auf der Prolight + Sound 2013

Im Rahmen der prolight + sound (Musikmesse Frankfurt) fand die jährliche Informationsveranstaltung des APWPT statt.

Hier finden Sie die Präsentation:

http://www.apwpt.org/history-of-events-2009-12/germany/2013/index.html

Die Jahreshauptversammlung des APWPT findet am 20.06.2013 anlässlich der Showtech in Berlin statt.

Hohe Investitionen durch Versteigerung der Funkfrequenzen
Obwohl die Vergabe der ersten Digitalen Dividende im Bereich 790 bis 862 MHz in Europa noch nicht abgeschlossen ist, wird seit der Weltfunkkonferenz 2012 auch auf EU-Ebene bereits über eine zweite Digitale Dividende verhandelt. Dies kritisieren Anwender und Hersteller drahtloser Übertragungstechnik vehement. Besonders betroffen ist die Kultur- und Veranstaltungsbranche, die in Deutschland als Folge der ersten Frequenzversteigerung bereits einige hundert Millionen Euro in die Umrüstung ihrer drahtlosen Funkstrecken investieren musste.

New order of radio frequencies – problems expand to the cities

At first, the development of the LTE-based mobile communications network was carried out mainly in rural areas, but it is now expanding into suburban and urban areas. A logical consequence is the rise in more LTE-compatible mobile phones on the market. That is why the German Association of Cities and Towns published an updated information paper containing general information as well as recommendations and guidelines on where and how compensation services can be applied for upon presence of the described characteristics of eligibility.

During the World Radio Communication Conference in February 2012, preparations were made for the “Digital Dividend II” in order to make frequencies between 694 and 790 MHz available for mobile communications, too. This spectrum is currently used by TV and PMSE.

The political debate about the allocation and use of the radio frequencies so far focused on supplying the general population with digital television and mobile broadband services. A first informative meeting now pointed out the urgent need of wireless frequency resources (wireless microphones and related equip-ment) to members of the EU Parliament. These are vital to the cultural and events industry as well as to public life and journalism. The current internationally proposed auctioning of further radio frequencies to mobile phone providers, the so-called digital dividend II for the range of 700 MHz, would immensely threaten these activities. The main objective of the event was to make these essential facts and their technical principles public to the EU politicians and to bring them into the further decision-making process.

Compensation for costs due to the reorganization of the radio frequencies

As was communicated by the APWPT, the Federal Office of Economics and Export Control (BAFA) has been entrusted with the settlement of the equity policy.

For this reason, the BAFA has published further information on how to claim equity benefits on its website at http://www.bafa.de/bafa/de/suche/searchSimple.do

 

Important for the circle of those concerned:

• The process is definite and currently up to 120 million Euros can be requested with the current sum

• Applications may be submitted from 15th November 2011

• Whoever comes first, will also be considered first

 

The APWPT has an information site on the “compensation” issue: http://www.apwpt.org/international-news/germany/aktuelle-entschaedigungsdiskussion/index.html

Please send your comments or questions: info@apwpt.org

 

The EVVC calls for the event industry including all its houses to be reimbursed for a total of 2-3 billion Euros due to the expenses incurred in connection with the Reallocation of radio frequencies (digital dividend). “Our houses, that are for the most part communally sustained and thus dependent on tax payments, are faced with huge subsequent costs,” predicts EVVC President Joachim König. To be able to continue offering the technology of wireless microphones after the reallocation of radio frequencies in convention centers, multipurpose halls, arenas and theaters and many other events facilities from the Adult Education Center to the Staff College it will become necessary to purchase entirely new equipment almost everywhere. The wireless microphones that are being used so far do not work on other frequencies.

The radio frequencies will be reassigned for different users as part of the so-called digital dividend, allegedly to be able to close “white spots” in broadband internet supply. This means that the telecommunications companies, as users and financially strong partners, will be the likely winners of this reallocation. The frequencies from 790 to 862 MHz that were available for television broadcasts and wireless microphone systems in the past, will therefore in future be available to the mobile industry, who as of yet have not developed market-ready technologies to actually use those frequencies.

For the modern industrial organization however, giving up the possibilities of wireless microphone systems is unthinkable. “It is hard to imagine that we will, in terms of sound equipment, fall back into the times of Vico Torriani or Peter Frankenfeld, where the use of the cable-based microphones was almost part of the stage choreography. The modern dramaturgy of political party conventions, with all its modern technological linkages of audio, video and lighting technology, will be thrown back into the fifties,” said EVVC President Joachim König.

To this day, it is completely unclear which alternative, interference-free frequencies for wireless microphone systems will in future be available. It is however certain that the currently used wireless technology in the event houses will be worthless because it is focused on the frequency band from 790 to 862 MHz. Since the reallocation, according to the Federal Network Agency, will take place from mid-2010, the chaos is inevitable due to the short time frame. At the moment no one can assess whether the newly-allocated frequencies for the event industry will mean a new development of equipment.

The EVVC therefore calls for a clear and unequivocal implementation of the Federal Council dated 12 June 2009 over a reasonable reimbursement thof the parties involved. This also means that all facilities, also after reaching the amortization period, are fully reimbursed, since these systems would have remained in use for several more years, knowing the financial situation of the municipalities. “If these costs are not fully reimbursed, it will once again be the taxpayer who will suffer,” said König. “No event house that wants to be competitive can afford go without wireless sound systems nowadays. Thus, these investments will inevitably burden municipal coffers. Once again a naive miscal-culation has been made, because, of course all proceeds of the reallocation have to held against he costs”, continued the König.

The EVVC therefore calls for the immediate notification of prospective radio frequencies available to the event industry. Only then can the sound and recording industry take action to develop new devices and calculate the costs. These in turn are the basis for the designation of capital investments and thus a reliable and reputable basis for the claims against the federal government. Only in this way - combined with an optimized time frame - can significant failures in the event business and cost transfers to the municipalities be avoided”.

Der APWPT hat zur leichteren Identifizierung von Störungen bei dem beginnenden LTE-Betrieb einen Handzettel Störungen erstellt. Dieser erlaubt es allen Technikern vor Ort, wichtige Informationen aufzuzeichnen. Sie können diesen im PDF siehe rechts herunterladen. Bitte teilen Sie auftretende Störungen an den APWPT mit. Weitere Infos erhalten sie unter www.apwpt.org  

With the expansion of the LTE mobile phone network stages and event venues are already recording the first radio interferences, thousands of cases in Germany may yet follow. Changing the malfunctioning systems to other frequencies is always virtually impossible. Consequently, they are inoperable and worthless. The bitter consequence for theatres and the event industry: new and expensive systems need to be purchased which for some houses can mean financial ruin. The federal government gained 3.6 billion Euros due to the frequency auction. But there is still no serious effort to adequately compensate the affected parties that have trouble with radio interference. A substitute spectrum that will ensure the high standard in the long-term does not exist. The aggrieved parties are not at fault, but have to bear the entire financial burden and pay with their existence and significantly worse production conditions. To rectify this situation, the APWPT calls for a petition, and asks you for your support! The petition will be published in early July. Then it is important that you sign it within three weeks at https://epetitionen.bundestag.de! The petition wants to once again draw the attention of political leaders to the precarious situation of users of wireless technology and production technology and urge them to act. According to the association’s calculations the federal budget put aside for compensation can not nearly compensate for the economic damage done to those affected. According to estimations of the APWPT, the incurred costs for the 700,000 wireless systems in Germany are well over 1 billion Euros. Currently, the approved compensation amount is approximately 124 million Euros. Simultaneously to the increase in the amount of compensation, the APWPT demands permanent alternative frequencies in the range of 470 - 790 MHz for wireless production, since they are already at risk due to international “conversion concepts”. This must be reflected in appropriate legal action in Germany and a strong involvement of Germany in international bodies – according to the petition content the Federal Republic should campaign for the preservation of the UHF spectrum for event productions as part of European and international agreements.